L’auto senza pilota è più vicina. Google alla guida della nuova mobilità

di Michele Costanzo 52

auto senza pilota google car
Dopo più di un secolo di storia l’automobile si avvicina rapidamente ad un cambiamento radicale. Sono infatti sempre più numerosi i progetti di auto senza pilota capaci di trasportare autonomamente i passeggeri grazie ad una complessa convergenza di intelligenza artificiale, sensori e tecnologie smart. Dopo anni di studi e sperimentazioni, l’auto senza pilota sta rapidamente raggiungendo la maturità progettuale e potrebbe arrivare sul mercato in tempi tutto sommato molto brevi.

L’auto senza pilota secondo Google

Allo stato attuale Google è probabilmente l’azienda con studi più avanzati sull’auto senza pilota. Gli studi della società in questo campo sono iniziati nel 2009 con i primi test lungo le autostrade della California di una Toyota Prius modificata. Il progetto “Google self-driving car” ha poi visto l’introduzione nel 2012 di una Lexus RX450h modificata per la guida autonoma che ha percorso più di 300 mila miglia in autostrada contribuendo a raccogliere una grande mole di informazioni.

Il passaggio successivo per Google è stato quello di spostare l’obiettivo del progetto da una rete viaria con poche interazioni come l’autostrada ad una rete estremamente ricca di interazioni come la viabilità urbana. Per rispondere a questo scenario un nuovo prototipo di Google Car è stato progettato a partire da zero e nell’ottica della guida completamente automatica. I primi prototipi di questo nuovo veicolo sono in circolazione da più di un anno e sono la base di tutti i progetti futuri di Google in questo settore. L’intera flotta delle auto senza pilota sviluppate da Google ha già percorso più di un milione di miglia per le strade americane dimostrando una notevole affidabilità.

Come funziona una Google Car

La più recente delle Google Car si propone come pilastro di una nuova mobilità urbana rispettosa dell’ambiente. Su questo progetto convergono molte delle tecnologie che Google ha sviluppato in altri ambiti, dal geo-posizionamento alle mappe, dalla gestione dei sensori all’intelligenza artificiale. La Google Car è anzitutto in grado riconoscere la propria posizione rispetto alla rete stradale in modo da poter sempre definire un percorso tra un punto di origine ed una destinazione. Un complesso di sensori permette al sistema di bordo di riconoscere la presenza di altri elementi nell’intorno del veicolo inclusi edifici, veicoli, ciclisti, pedoni, elementi dell’arredo urbano e segnaletica stradale. Gli elementi individuati vengono classificati a seconda dei casi come statici o in movimento in modo da modellarne il comportamento nello spazio e nel tempo. L’intelligenza artificiale della Google Car si occupa infine di analizzare questo complesso di dati e decidere di volta in volta come comportarsi. I risultati di questo sistema sono a tratti sorprendenti con veicoli a guida automatica in grado di facilitare l’attraversamento dei pedoni, osservare le regole della circolazione e proteggere i passeggeri e gli altri utenti della strada.

Google non ha ha ancora ufficializzato una data per la commercializzazione delle nuove auto senza pilota sia perché esistono ancora dei problemi tecnici da risolvere, sia anche per la mancanza di un quadro normativo che consenta l’uso di questo genere di prodotti. Sono in molti tuttavia ad ipotizzare che già attorno al 2020 l’auto senza pilota possa essere una realtà e circolare sulle strade.

I nodi irrisolti dell’auto senza pilota

L’auto senza pilota sta attirando molte attenzioni anche tra i produttori tradizionali tanto che recenti rumors hanno accostato il nome di Ford a quello di Google per lo sviluppo di progetti congiunti. Numerosi sono anche gli indizi che suggeriscono un impegno nel settore da parte di Apple. In attesa di capire come evolveranno questi scenari, è però interessante osservare come siano i colossi dell’informatica a guidare la corsa verso l’auto senza pilota nel tentativo di conquistare una posizione di vantaggio in un settore che potrebbe diventare uno dei grandi business del prossimo futuro.

Non mancano tuttavia le incertezza su questa nuova era della mobilità personale, a cominciare ovviamente dalla sicurezza. Occorrerà infatti capire fino a che punto un’intelligenza artificiale sarà in grado di garantire la sicurezza della circolazione in un contesto reale con interazioni libere e a velocità comparabili con le automobili attuali. Senza considerare ovviamente che anche l’intera strutturare della assicurazioni auto dovrà essere riscritta in funzione di uno scenario in cui l’utilizzatore di un’auto potrebbe non avere più un ruolo attivo nelle manovre eseguite dal veicolo.

Resta inoltre in sospeso il tema del quadro normativo. Le Google Car sono state trattate finora come progetti sperimentali ed hanno potuto accumulare chilometri grazie alle norme di alcuni stati americani che ne hanno consentito i test di circolazione. In Italia e più in generale in Europa le norme sono per ora più stringenti ed anche la sperimentazione prosegue più lentamente. Si tratta di problemi destinati evidentemente a moltiplicarsi nel passaggio da un quadro sperimentale ad uno ordinario in cui le auto senza pilota dovranno convivere con quelle tradizionali condividendone la sede stradale, le aree di sosta e più in generale i rischi connessi alla circolazione. Insomma sul fronte normativo molte pagine dovranno ancora essere scritte prima che le auto a guida autonoma possano circolare liberamente sulle nostre strade.

La sicurezza informatica delle auto senza pilota

Chiunque abbia un computer o uno smartphone sa bene che questi dispositivi hanno costantemente bisogno di aggiornamento di sicurezza. L’informatica fin dalle sue origini si è dimostrata vulnerabile rispetto ad intrusioni esterne in grado di sfruttare le debolezze intrinseche di un sistema (si pensi ai virus informatici) o dell’utente che lo utilizza (si pensi allo spam). È quindi verosimile che questi stessi problemi possano riproporsi anche per le auto senza pilota il cui controllo verrà pur sempre affidato ad un computer, anche se particolarmente specializzato.

Si tratta di una questione molto complessa soprattutto per il diverso contesto in cui si opera. In una rete di computer un virus o una intrusione informatica possono generare danni solitamente limitati a dati e informazioni. Ma un analogo attacco rivolto ad una automobile circolante avrebbe evidentemente conseguenze potenzialmente molto superiori sulla sicurezza dei passeggeri e della collettività. La credibilità delle auto senza pilota si giocherà anche su questo fronte con i produttori che saranno chiamati a garantire un livello di sicurezza decisamente superiore a quello che fino ad oggi ha caratterizzato l’informatica di consumo.

Photo Credits | Google self-driving car

Commenti (52)

  1. I simply want to tell you that I am just very new to weblog and honestly loved you’re page. Probably I’m going to bookmark your blog . You really have amazing posts. Cheers for revealing your webpage.

  2. The new Zune browser is surprisingly good, but not as good as the iPod’s. It works well, but isn’t as fast as Safari, and has a clunkier interface. If you occasionally plan on using the web browser that’s not an issue, but if you’re planning to browse the web alot from your PMP then the iPod’s larger screen and better browser may be important.

  3. Youre so cool! I dont suppose Ive read anything such as this just before. So nice to locate somebody with some original ideas on this subject. realy we appreciate you starting this up. this web site are some things that is needed on-line, a person with a little originality. beneficial project for bringing new stuff to the world wide web!

    http://partscatalog.sellload.com/

  4. Of course, what a splendid website and educative posts, I surely will bookmark your site.All the Best!

  5. I’m very happy to read this. This is the type of manual that needs to be given and not the random misinformation that is at the other blogs. Appreciate your sharing this greatest doc.

  6. Thanks for another informative site. The place else could I am getting that kind of info written in such a perfect means? I have a undertaking that I’m simply now operating on, and I’ve been at the glance out for such information.

  7. We’re a group of volunteers and starting a new scheme in our community. Your web site provided us with valuable info to work on. You’ve done an impressive job and our whole community will be thankful to you.

  8. Heya i’m for the first time here. I found this board and I find It truly useful & it helped me out a lot. I hope to give something back and help others like you helped me.

  9. Hi there, just became aware of your blog through Google, and found that it is truly informative. I’m going to watch out for brussels. I’ll be grateful if you continue this in future. A lot of people will be benefited from your writing. Cheers!

  10. Thanks for the sensible critique. Me and my neighbor were just preparing to do some research about this. We got a grab a book from our area library but I think I learned more from this post. I am very glad to see such excellent information being shared freely out there.

  11. Very nice post. I just stumbled upon your blog and wished to say that I’ve truly enjoyed surfing around your blog posts. After all I’ll be subscribing to your feed and I hope you write again soon!

  12. Nice read, I just passed this onto a friend who was doing some research on that. And he just bought me lunch because I found it for him smile Therefore let me rephrase that: Thanks for lunch!

  13. Attractive section of content. I just stumbled upon your blog and in accession capital to assert that I acquire actually enjoyed account your blog posts. Any way I will be subscribing to your augment and even I achievement you access consistently fast.

  14. Incredibly interesting points you’ll have mentioned, say thanks a lot for publishing.

    http://www.shortmyurls.com/emeryeps-grenadines-seo-comment

  15. It really is the best occasion to have some schemes for the future. I have read this blog posting and if I should, I want to suggest you some helpful suggestions.

    http://www.shortmyurls.com/emeryeps

  16. I was just searching for this info for some time. After six hours of continuous Googleing, at last I got it in your website. I wonder what is the lack of Google strategy that do not rank this kind of informative websites in top of the list. Usually the top web sites are full of garbage.

  17. IMSC SEO is a Singapore SEO Company. They provide comprehensive Singapore SEO services to help SG businesses to gain traffic from search engine. Their SEO agency has many years of experiences working with overseas companies on more competitive grounds. They are the best seo company in Singapore you can find. Their SEO expert and consultant understand exactly what search engine optimization your company need to gain search engine traffic.

    http://www.shortmyurls.com/imsc-home-comment-general

  18. Divorcemind.com is a online divorce resource for divorce attorney, attornies and lawyers. You will find the best divorce information online. Divorce Mind will make your divorce or separation a quick, convenient and private.

    http://www.shortmyurls.com/divorcemind-divorces

  19. Hey there, You have done an incredible job. I’ll definitely digg it and personally suggest to my friends. I’m confident they’ll be benefited from this website.

  20. IMSC SEO is a Singapore SEO Company. They provide comprehensive Singapore SEO services to help SG businesses to gain traffic from search engine. Their SEO agency has many years of experiences working with overseas companies on more competitive grounds. They are the best seo company in Singapore you can find. Their SEO expert and consultant understand exactly what search engine optimization your company need to gain search engine traffic.

    http://www.shortmyurls.com/imsc-services-comment-exact

  21. Sorry for the huge review, but I’m really loving the new Zune, and hope this, as well as the excellent reviews some other people have written, will help you decide if it’s the right choice for you.

  22. IMSC SEO is a Singapore SEO Company. They provide comprehensive Singapore SEO services to help SG businesses to gain traffic from search engine. Their SEO agency has many years of experiences working with overseas companies on more competitive grounds. They are the best seo company in Singapore you can find. Their SEO expert and consultant understand exactly what search engine optimization your company need to gain search engine traffic.

    http://www.shortmyurls.com/imsc-home-comment-general

  23. Really interesting highlights you’ll have stated, thanks a lot for submitting.

    http://www.westdoc.biz

  24. It’s actually mostly unthinkable to come across well-qualified individuals on this theme, however, you seem like you understand whatever you’re covering! Regards

    http://www.autoaccident3.info

  25. It is most suitable day to construct some options for the forthcoming future. I’ve study this blog and if I may, I want to suggest you handful of entertaining proposal.

    http://www.safetyincluded.com

  26. whoah this blog is magnificent i love studying your articles. Keep up the good work! You know, a lot of individuals are searching around for this information, you could aid them greatly.

  27. This is ideal occasion to prepare some options for the long run. I’ve looked over this piece of writing and if I should, I want to encourage you couple of remarkable recommendations.

    http://www.dakotacountytribune.biz

  28. I merely have to inform you that I am new to wordpress blogging and undeniably cherished your write-up. Most likely I am most likely to save your blog post . You certainly have great article content. Like it for expressing with us your own site report

    http://www.seoservices1.info

  29. “Great Blogpost! Hi there! This is my first comment here so I just wanted to give a quick shout out_ and tell you I genuinely enjoy reading through your posts. Can you recommend any other blogs/websites/forums that deal with the same topics?”

    https://structuringtechniques.wordpress.com/2017/02/14/for-our-dutch-readers-interview-with-a-colleague-from-europe-regarding-easy-structuring-techniques-article-in-dutch-language/

  30. I’m pretty pleased to uncover this web site. I need to to thank you for your time for this particularly wonderful read!! I definitely savored every little bit of it and I have you saved to fav to see new stuff in your site.

    http://www.cdcdiabetes2011.com

  31. Absolutely engaging information you have stated, thanks for writing.

    http://www.eatinithaca.com

  32. The new Zune browser is surprisingly good, but not as good as the iPod’s. It works well, but isn’t as fast as Safari, and has a clunkier interface. If you occasionally plan on using the web browser that’s not an issue, but if you’re planning to browse the web alot from your PMP then the iPod’s larger screen and better browser may be important.

  33. Valuable information. Lucky me I found your web site by chance, and I am shocked why this coincidence did not came about earlier! I bookmarked it.

  34. Incredibly helpful points you’ll have remarked, thanks for setting up.

    http://www.fiftiestime.de

  35. It’s practically close to impossible to see well-qualified men and women on this matter, however you come across as like you realize what exactly you’re writing about! Appreciation

    http://www.portland7.info

  36. It’s the right opportunity to make some preparations for the possible future. I have study this blog posting and if I would, I want to propose you couple insightful instruction.

    http://www.digitlefilm.org

  37. May I just say what a comfort to discover someone that truly
    knows what they’re talking about on the web. You definitely understand
    how to bring a problem to light and make it important. More
    and more people have to check this out and understand this side of the story.
    It’s surprising you are not more popular since you surely possess the gift.

    Feel free to visit my web page ig

  38. Extraordinarily enlightening details you have remarked, thanks so much for putting up.

    http://www.teachingchildrentoread.net

  39. I was very pleased to uncover this site. I wanted to thank you for your time due to this wonderful read!! I definitely really liked every part of it and i also have you saved as a favorite to check out new things in your site.

    http://www.clalonestar.com

  40. I have been exploring for a bit for any high quality articles or blog posts on this sort of space . Exploring in Yahoo I at last stumbled upon this site. Reading this information So i¡¦m happy to convey that I’ve an incredibly excellent uncanny feeling I came upon exactly what I needed. I so much definitely will make certain to don¡¦t put out of your mind this website and provides it a glance regularly.

  41. Hello. impressive job. I did not anticipate this. This is a impressive story. Thanks!

  42. Heya here, just became aware about your blog through Search engines like google, and have found that it is pretty educational. I’ll like if you decide to carry on this post.

    http://www.kungfupanda3film.com

  43. Fairly interesting points that you have remarked, thank you for writing.

    http://independentwoundcaresolutions.com

  44. I merely need to show you that I am new to blog posting and absolutely cherished your page. Quite possibly I am likely to remember your blog post . You literally have amazing article materials. Delight In it for giving out with us your own internet site post

    http://www.searchengineoptimization2.info

  45. Of course, what a splendid website and illuminating posts, I surely will bookmark your blog.Best Regards!

  46. Pretty section of content. I just stumbled upon your web site and in accession capital to assert that I acquire in fact enjoyed account your blog posts. Anyway I’ll be subscribing to your feeds and even I achievement you access consistently rapidly.

  47. Hello there, You have done an incredible job. I will definitely digg it and personally recommend to my friends. I’m sure they will be benefited from this website.

  48. Thanks a lot for giving everyone an extraordinarily wonderful chance to discover important secrets from this website. It really is so amazing plus full of a good time for me and my office colleagues to search your site nearly three times every week to study the fresh stuff you will have. And of course, I am also at all times satisfied with all the stunning methods served by you. Selected 4 ideas in this article are rather the very best we have had.

  49. Hello, you used to write fantastic, but the last several posts have been kinda boring¡K I miss your tremendous writings. Past few posts are just a bit out of track! come on!

  50. I intended to compose you that bit of note so as to thank you as before for those magnificent tactics you’ve documented in this case. It’s really open-handed of you to deliver unhampered what exactly most of us could have supplied for an electronic book to earn some bucks for their own end, and in particular since you might have tried it in the event you wanted. These smart ideas likewise acted as the great way to fully grasp that other individuals have a similar dream just as mine to figure out significantly more with respect to this condition. I’m sure there are many more fun occasions in the future for folks who check out your site.

    http://www.aacl.info/

Lascia un commento

Il tuo indirizzo email non verrà pubblicato.

You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <s> <strike> <strong>